Thursday, January 30, 2020
Letter from Birmingham Jail Literary Analys Essay Martin Luther King, Jr.Ã¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from Birmingham Jail,Ã¢â¬ was written in 1963; during the time African Americans were fighting for equality among races. We can tell this by the vocabulary used in his writing such as Ã¢â¬Å"Negro,Ã¢â¬ which was used at one time, and is no longer considered, Ã¢â¬Å"politically correct. Ã¢â¬Å" The purpose for the letter is that Martin Luther King Jr. was trying to convince the white clergymen that him and his Ã¢â¬Å"PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ actions were completely unnecessary for the situation. When doing this, he uses critical and persuasive tones to try to influence the reader to agree with him. Martin Luther King Jr. provides a valid argument using logos, pathos, and ethos throughout his letter. The use of comparison in Dr. KingÃ¢â¬â¢s letter makes the African AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s trouble of segregation seems, just about holy. He compares being arrested for his peaceful but illegal actions to the crucifixion of Jesus for his Ã¢â¬Å"unique God-consciousness and never-ceasing devotion.Ã¢â¬ Martin Luther King, Jr. ties himself to God by suggesting that above constitutional rights and legal laws are God-given rights, and these rights are the ones that he and his followers are supporting. He says that just laws, are laws that Ã¢â¬Å"Square with moral law or the law of God.Ã¢â¬ King resumes this religious association in his last paragraph, where he mentions blacks who conduct sit-ins as Ã¢â¬Å"children of GodÃ¢â¬ who stand up for Ã¢â¬Å"the most scare Values in our Judeo-Christian heritage.Ã¢â¬ These similarities make Dr. King and his men seem to be fighting an almost heavenly cause, one that has the support of God and of history. King also uses his voice through writing to educe emotion. Aside from his associations to God and Socrates, which may help religious readers better connect to his message, Martin Luther King Jr., writes about the emotional suffering that blacks went through due to segregation and prejudice. He replies to whites telling blacks to Ã¢â¬Å"waitÃ¢â¬ for desegregation by bringing up several murders committed by whites on blacks, including lynching, drowning, and police cruelty. He continues on these emotional out looks by expressing how children begin to become disturbed by segregation when they realize that they are considered lesser to whites. King uses definite examples, such as a daughter who finds out that she canÃ¢â¬â¢t visit an amusement park because it is closed to colored children, and a son who asks, Ã¢â¬Å"Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?Ã¢â¬ He shows how the build-up of these thoughts in black children eventually turn into hatred for whites when he says, Ã¢â¬Å"There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into the abyss of despair.Ã¢â¬ All of these statements help the reader see just how blacks were disturbed beyond decency and rightfulness. KingÃ¢â¬â¢s use of emotional writing helps readers develop sympathy for the segregated. Martin Luther King Jr., is trying to tell the white clergymen what he feels they are doing wrong. He uses so many different emotional pulls at the attempt to grab their attention. He does a great job of doing this through referring to the bible and about children. Through the use of rhetorical strategies, Martin Luther King Jr. countered the clergymens argument. He also got their attention due to his unique strategy of directly addressing his readers, the clergymen, to create the base of his argument. From there, King is able to shatter his opponents claims. This way of arguing allowed King to present his argument with more authority to achieve his goal: justify the reasons for nonviolent demonstrations against segregation. I feel as if Martin Luther KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Letter From Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ had a great impact on the rights of black people during his time. The fact that is still read today proves itÃ¢â¬â¢s a great piece of writing. From my point of view he was in the right with every opinion he expressed; I honestly donÃ¢â¬â¢t see how you couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t agree with him. His writing is not only changing the world, but is entertainment to read. In the closing of his letter he says Ã¢â¬Å"I hope this letter finds you strong in the faith. I also hope that the circumstances will soon make it possible for me to meet each of you, not as integrationist or a civil-rights leader but as a fellow clergymen and a Christian brother.Ã¢â¬ This is the hope of many people; we are getting closer each day to having his hope become a reality. I believe this letter had a huge impact on many peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, and will continue to change the world.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Pedogenesis in Western Washington and Northern Alaska: A Comparison of the Primary Factors Introduction: Pedology is partially based on the established principle that soil changes are directly correlated to specific biotic communities and regional climatic patterns. From this principle questions have arisen as to why the Arctic tundra that lies above the treeline in Alaska displays similar chemical characteristics to that of the well-developed Podzols and Spodosols found in the coniferous forests of Washington. The Podzols and Spodsols of these coniferous forests are defined by their cool and humid regional climates and by the acidic parent material from which they formed. Recent studies indicate that the E and Bs horizons that define the temperate forest soils are also found above the treeline in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Siberia (Ugolini, Stoner, & Marret, 1987). What role does biota play in the current soil formation for each of the sites? Why do the similarities exist between the sites despite differences in climate and vegetation? What other factors consistently influence the soil properties? The purpose of my paper is to address the question of which soil forming factors have the greatest effect on the similar and distinct characteristics of the two geographic locations. Podzolization: Pedogenic Change in Alaska and Washington Chemical analyses of temperate forest soils in the Pacific Northwest have been collected to examine soil forming trends (Ugolini, Stoner, & Marret, 1987). Such data allows us to compare various ecosystems and their characteristic pedological processes. Ugolini et al 1987 show how the soil solution analysis allows us to see ". . . a simple two-compartment system" (p.91). The first ... ...d processes, principles, and knowledge necessary to further our understanding of modern pedogenesis as an important part of soil science. References Cited: Birkland, Peter, 1984, Soils and Geomorphology: New York, Oxford University Press, 372 p. Marret D.J., Stoner M.G., & F.C. Ugolini, August 1987, "Arctic Pedogenesis: 1. Evidence for Contemporary Podzolization." Soil Science, 144, p.90-100. Schlichte, A.K., & F.C. Ugolini, May 4, 1973, "The Effect of Holocene Environmental Changes on Selected Western Washington Soils," Soil Science, 116, p.218-227. Sletten, Ronald, & F.C. Ugolini, January 1991, "The Role of Proton Donors in Pedogenesis as Revealed by Soil Solution Studies." Soil Science,151, p.59-72. Stoner, M.G., & F.C. Ugolini, January 1968, "Arctic Pedogenesis: 2. Threshold-Controlled Subsurface Leaching Episodes." Soil Science, 145, p.46-50.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
The deep freeze left roads and pavements covered in ice, making driving and conditions for pedestrians extremely dangerous. Salt supplies are Ã¢â¬Ëstretched', while thousands of schools are shut and air and rail travel are again affected y delays. In Hartley, Essex and Leeds, officials have decided to only grit key routes, leaving many roads untreated. Motorway hard shoulders are no longer being gritted, with the government proportioning salt for the worst- affected regions. There have even been reports of some local councils removing grit bins in certain areas in an attempt to reduce salt usage.Milk deliveries have also been disrupted, with tankers struggling to reach dairy farms. Some farmers have had to dump supplies as few have large storage facilities while, in Scotland, several barn roofs have collapsed under the weight of snow. In Bristol Harbor, the temperature was low enough that the sea began to freeze over. Conditions have been so poor in places that some villages have b een cut off, including Princeton in Dartmouth. Up to 4,000 homes were without water after a main burst outside the Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading.Thousands of schools remain closed, with exam candidates in England, Wales and Northern Ireland warned they could have to wait five months to sit GEESE and A-level modules if weather prevents them taking them next week. Overnight, temperatures in Manchester fell to -ICC, with Glasgow reaching ICC, Cardiff -ICC and London hovering just below zero. The lowest temperature recorded this week was in the Scottish Highlands, -22. ICC while England's low was -ICC in Woodward, Cheshire. Temperatures are expected to stay around freezing throughout the weekend and forecasters say winds could make it feel even colder.Page 2 of 4 Document 2 Ã¢â¬â Extract from online forums Suffolk County Council Website Discussion Forum Mike D am furious about the school closures in my area. Wave had 3-4 inches of snow and yet local schools only a mile apart ha ve made different decisions about whether to open or close. The Government should carry out an urgent review of school closure policies. It is absolutely outrageous that teachers are still being paid when they are failing to do their job. Anonymous am a Secondary School Teacher in a school of 1,300 pupils.Unfortunately, when the weather is like it is now, school closures are a necessity. It isn't simply a matter of whether the teaching staff can get to the school or not (though that is a factor), but also how safe it is for them when they get there. Obviously, the same applies for the pupils too, many of whom do not attend he school nearest to them and would be traveling early morning when the roads are at their most dangerous. Not to mention the fact that we're at the mercy of the bus services on top of all this.In fact, only the other day I saw a bus struggling to get up a hill because the road hadn't been gritted. The fact is that its often more sensible to close the school altog ether than to risk teaching a small number of pupils in potentially unsafe conditions. Sarah P My children were at home for two days in the week as their school was closed because of the snow. We had a fantastic time making a snowman, sledging ND having a snowball fight in the park. We don't see weather like this very often; can't we let the kids enjoy it a little bit?My husband has had no real problems getting to work, and I've been walking to the local shops to get our food shopping. Apart from the fact that I've been forced to take annual leave to look after the children, is this weather really all that bad? Michelle M A lot of people seem to be complaining about school closures and teachers not being in work. Let's be honest; the vast majority of you would happily take a Ã¢â¬Ësnow day' if it was offered to you. I know I would! Having said that, the dads around my way haven't been gritted and I've already seen one accident where a driver lost control and skidded into a parked c ar.My kids' school has been closed for a few days now and my youngest has missed some Of his exams, which he's been working really hard for, but to be perfectly honest, the break has done him good. Page 3 of 4 @ Education Development International ply 201 0 TASK 1 You live on a road that is a main bus route to the local secondary school. During the cold weather, your road did not get gritted. Write a letter to the council persuading them that your road needs to be made a priority road for rioting.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Rape, being a touchy subject for most, is definitely something that should be addressed and tackled. There is no and should never be any excuse for rape. Ã¢â¬Å"NoÃ¢â¬ means Ã¢â¬Å"NoÃ¢â¬ . Everyone is entitled to make that choice- it should never be made for them. It is extremely important that both parties give consent before engaging in any sexual activities. So, what is consent? Ã¢â¬Å"Words or overt acts indicating a freely given agreement to the sexual conduct at issue by a competent person. An expression of lack of consent through words or conduct means there is no consent. Lack of verbal or physical resistance or submission resulting from the accusedÃ¢â¬â¢s use of force, threat of force, or placing another person in fear does not constitute consent. A current or previous dating relationship or the manner of dress of the person involved with the accused in the sexual conduct at issue shall not constitute consent. There is no consent where the person is sleeping or in capacitated, such as due to age, alcohol or drugs, or mental incapacityÃ¢â¬ (SAPR, 2012). Not trying to fight off the offender or even scream for help does not mean consent is given. There are many ways in which a victim is preyed upon. Alcohol is the most widely used rape drug and is easy to obtain. It is used by offenders to incapacitate potential victims, being that it is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. Drugs, as in the date rape drug, is also commonly used because it may leave the victim physically helpless,Show MoreRelatedDna Is Not A Bodily Fluid957 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbased on the findings of DNA through multiple bodily fluids left at a crime scene. The case that I had chose was E.K MacDaniel, Warden et al. Petitioners v. Troy Brown, which was a case that dealt with semen taken from a rape kit. Although the subject of rape could a be a touchy subject for most people, I find cases that deal with such a horrendous act to be very interesting due to how the case is i nvestigated and the measures it takes to find the evidence needed to solve the case. In the case of ERead MoreSylvia Plath s The Bell Jar960 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesradical feminist, to speak out against conformity in a society run by men. Esther represents everything controversial about domesticity in the twentieth century. Throughout the novel she touches on taboo subjects such as radical feminism, rape, and resistance of patriarchal dictates, all of which were touchy topics to speak out about for women of this time period. From the beginning of the novel Esther is constantly torn between what defines her as an individual and what she should conform to because thatRead MoreThe Murder Of Jyoti Singh Pandey950 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbrother s elopement, according to Amnesty International. The family has filed a Supreme Court petition seeking protection after being victims of harassment and violence by the police. Thousands have signed a petition to stop such horrific sentence and have both sisters, and their family, return to safety to their home. This isn t the first c ase of the unspeakable truth about rape in India, the murder of Jyoti Singh Pandey, a 23-year-old who was beaten and gang raped by six men while travelling in a privateRead MoreLord Of The Flies Human Nature Essay822 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLord of the Flies there are young boys stranded on an island, In order to survive the true characteristics of man come out. Some characters appear to be born angelic however some are naturally born evil. When a young boy named Roger murders a boy and rapes a pig there are no consequences. Rogers lack of remorse is then exacerbated when tossing a pebble at a young child turns into murdering a young boy with a boulder, which demonstrates that mankinds pure evil will not stay hidden when there are no consequencesRead MoreMarital Rape And Spousal Rape1552 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChilds Professor Sherene Jensen Sociology 100 16 November 2014 Marital Rape Marital rape, or spousal rape, had been an exceedingly controversial and touchy subject in the United States since the first feminist movement in the 1960s. In this paper, marital rape and spousal rape will be used interchangeably. One of the many challenges in addressing the topic of marital rape, is defining what behaviors should be considered rape. Rape is defined as the unlawful compelling of a person through physicalRead MoreRape Culture: How Society Reacts to Rape1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhat do you think and feel when you hear the word rape? Do you feel uncomfortable? Maybe even angry? Your certain feelings and emotions towards this word is a result of rape culture. Rape culture, essentially, is how a society as a whole sees and reacts towards rape or instances of rape. In 2013 rape was defined by the FBI as, Ã¢â¬Å"PenetrationÃ¢â¬ ¦ of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim .Ã¢â¬ (DivisionÃ¢â¬â¢s CrimeRead MoreThe Topic of Abortion Rights772 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesI have chosen the topic of abortion rights for my final paper. It is a very controversial and touchy subject, Roe v. Wade has been making headlines for years. The reason that I have chosen this topic is because I am a Christian and the stance of my religion is that abortion is wrong. However, I feel like Christians often tell people not do thing without fully examining the topic; they often do not have enough background knowledge on the situation. They try to view the world as wrong and right, blackRead MoreAbortion Is A Issue Of Abortion1697 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbortion is a very touchy subject in our society. In the U.S. it is legal to abort a fetus up until the twenty fourth week. An abortion is the ending of a pregnancy before birth, which results in the death of an embryo or a fetus. Many people consider abortion as cruel as murder. Although some say abortion is in there own hands and is there own decision, others believe that no one but God has the right to take someone else s life. People that support abortion do not consider an unborn fetus a personRead MoreArgumentative Essay : Pro-Choice Abortion1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe side of pro-choice, meaning that it should be a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s choice to do what she wants with her body. The government should not be allowed to make decisions what one can and cannot do with their body, especially regarding conditions of health and rape. It helps to know where to draw the line between a fetus and a baby. The problem is that no one can exactly determine when a fetus becomes a Ã¢â¬Å"lifeÃ¢â¬ . Some say that a fetus is a human life as soon as it is conceived. However, at this stage, it is simplyRead MoreSexual Violence Against African-American Women: Beyond Slavery, Beyond the Physical1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFrom the riots, five freedwomen claimed to be victims of white rape. Virtually unheard of at the time, the women had the chance to testify before a congressional committee. It also brought national attention to the atrocities going on in the South (Rosen 10-11). Expanding on RosenÃ¢â¬â¢s article, Danielle L. McGuire explores the significance of sexual violence against African-American women during the Civil Rights movement. One particular rape case out of Tallahassee, Florida in 1959 brought the nation to